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"The Relay" Online Newsletter
April 2022 Issue

This is the monthly online newsletter for the car club council. All car hobbyist events are listed on this site under "Calendar." Just click on the link above to view the list of car shows and other activities.

President's Message

Don't miss the big event on May 14th when we will have the 3rd Annual Breakthrough Car Show sponsored by the council for its 27th anniversary. Full information is at carclubcouncil.com/carshow. We're hoping for great weather. Last year there were over 200 registered vehicles and about 1500 spectators. It's going to be a great event - looking forward to seeing you there!

And that ends the good news as you will see when you continue reading the newsletter. The special session of the General Assembly ended in about an hour and nothing got done. And at the federal level not much is being done to help out the regular folks like us who are dealing with a declining stock market, increasing inflation, high gas and diesel prices, along with shortages and super high vehicle prices whether they are new or used. I know of no one who thinks things are going to get better. It's almost like we were sent back to the late 70s in some ways - except government wasn't trying to force us into electric vehicles back then.

The new electric F-150 is hitting production and if you read the article from CNN Business you will see at the end of the article that this is a kind of test. Will people buy an electric truck in enough numbers to justify production? The F-150 is among the best selling vehicles on the planet so this is a big test for electrics. Ford is looking at splitting into two companies - one making gas and diesel vehicles and the other making electrics. The only reason to do this is if electrics fail like the Edsel did then the entire company won't go bankrupt. Ford has even announced the company will continue to build gasoline V-8 engines until at least 2040. This is surprising since the feds and some states want gasoline vehicle production gone long before that.

Survival of our car hobby is at stake along with common sense. If all those electric vehicles coming soon don't sell then what is the government to do? In Norway the government pushed electric vehicle sales until they overtook the gas and diesel ones. How they did it: no vehicle fees for electrics - none - no 25% value added tax, no registration fee, no road tax (we call it gas or mileage tax), no parking fees for electrics, no tolls plus you can use the bus lanes. Norway did just about everything except buy the cars and give them away. And that might be what it takes to get people to buy an electric car - we will see.

~ Fred


He's heading to the 3rd Annual Breakthrough Show and 27th Anniversary of the Council on May 14

Next Meeting

The next meeting will be Monday, August 22nd at 6:30 PM at a location to be announced in the August newsletter.

Car Hobbyist News

They came and saw there was nothing to do so they went home. That’s what happened at the General Assembly special session. Since the democrats have a 21 – 19 majority in the Senate there was no reason to stick around so they left after about an hour. Governor Youngkin wanted to pass a state budget, cut out the grocery sales tax, suspend the gas tax for three months (26 cents off a gallon) and other things but a simple majority in one house ended it all. It now looks like the July first gas tax hike passed under the Northam administration will stay in effect until the end of time. You can now count on the gas tax going up every first of July despite some democrats wanting to suspend it this year. The state still has a $16.7 billion surplus and no plan for it – no reducing the standard deduction and no tax rebate for the taxpayers of the state. But the $10 billion dollar project to build wind turbines 27 miles off the coast of Virginia will go forward unless the State Corporation Commission takes action. From Local 10: “In testimony filed earlier this month, regulators said that in claiming the wind farm will create jobs and tax growth, the company relied on a “stale” study that didn't account for the impact of its Virginia electric utility ratepayers bearing the cost of the nearly $10 billion project. The State Corporation Commission's own analysis found the project was expected to come with an economic cost — including 1,100 lost jobs in the first five rate-years of the project — that might negate any “speculative” benefits.”

Imagine you run a company and get money from the taxpayers to build infrastructure so you can sell a product back to the same taxpayers that you got the money from – now that’s the way to make money without trying.

I can’t wait to get some of that wind turbine electricity – so much better than that electricity produced from natural gas. The media coverage on the wind turbines is almost funny to read. From Virginian Pilot: “In the Atlantic, about 27 miles off the Virginia Beach coast, schools of fish congregate around what looks like a large cylinder covered in algae. Mussels glom onto the structure. Even the occasional sea turtle or giant ocean sunfish pays a visit. The source of this bustling underwater scene is somewhat unlikely — a wind turbine. Dominion Energy’s first two offshore turbines, currently used just for research, have become a haven for marine life. “It’s just amazing the fish ecosystem that is growing around those turbines,” said Scott Lawton, an environmental technical adviser for Dominion.” Someone please pipe in sweet music. If you’re wondering why this talk about how wonderful wind turbines are to wildlife it’s because they don’t want you to know that hundreds of thousands of birds are killed each year in collisions with them. You know – it just doesn’t look “green” or “environmental” to kill a half million or more birds a year.

Things are stinking at the federal level also. The Biden administration has done what they can to increase gas prices so you will go out and buy a Tesla. But there is a problem – that thing called inflation is kicking up the price of just about everything and the people are not happy with the value of their money going down. So the Biden administration has decided to now allow drilling permits on federal land – at an increased rate of nearly 50% - for you the taxpayer to get a good deal. This really means the extra cost to drill will be passed along to the consumer which just happens to be you the taxpayer. Biden is also releasing 180 billion barrels of oil from the reserves from May until November (the month of the next election) to ease your pain at the pump. This will reduce the stockpile by a third and bonus – your tax dollars will purchase back the reserves at a much higher price. Biden has also decided to forgo the EPA ban on selling E15 gasoline during the hot summer months. The EPA banned it at that time because it will create more pollution and hurt the environment. And you thought all this “green” stuff was supposed to help the environment. In addition we now know from studies that adding ethanol to gasoline actually increased pollution, hurt the environment and damaged the rubber parts in your fuel system. Perhaps this is really not about helping the environment.

You may have heard that Dr. Oz is running for US Senate for Pennsylvania. He has said that he denies climate change. No worries both Pinterest and Twitter announced they are going to ban all that talk about climate change being fake – as is they haven’t been doing it all along.

Finally the EPA has decided to use the same fuzzy math that the CDC used during the pandemic. The good folks there have come up with a way to convert electricity to miles per gallon. Cars like the Tesla Model S now get 92 mpg city and 100 mpg on the highway with an EPA determined charge range of 396 miles. With the Biden administration looking to up the Corporate Average Fuel Economy for fleets this sort of makes sense if you want people to buy electrics. It’s pretty tough to get those big pickups to get the miles per gallon of a motorcycle so why not fudge the electric vehicles into getting 100 mpg? Those big pickups with 25 gallons of gas on board can go 400+ miles on a tank full getting about 18 or 19 mpg. But a Tesla S getting 100 mpg goes about 400 miles on a charge (if you believe the EPA). Which means a full charge/thankful of electricity is equal to 4 gallons of gas at 100 mpg. This means that electric vehicles will have no problem meeting tough CAFE standards while gas vehicles don’t stand a chance.

The Woman's Club of Prince George County Car Show
The Woman's Club of Prince George County Car Show ~ see all the photos at Album - opens to a new window

Virginia Bans "Carolina Squat"

Virginia Governor Glenn Youngkin went to Lynchburg to sign a new law aimed at creating safer highways. Here is the summary of Senate Bill 777: Front and rear bumper height limits; emergency (this means it becomes law as soon as signed by the governor after passing both houses). Provides that no passenger car or pickup or panel truck shall be operated on a public highway if the suspension, frame, or chassis has been modified by any means so as to cause the height of the front bumper to be four or more inches greater than the height of the rear bumper. The bill contains an emergency clause. Front and rear bumper height limits; emergency. Provides that no passenger car or pickup or panel truck shall be operated on a public highway if the suspension, frame, or chassis has been modified by any means so as to cause the height of the front bumper to be four or more inches greater than the height of the rear bumper. The bill contains an emergency clause. Sponsors were Senator Mark Peake [R], Senator Adam Ebbin [D] and Senator Frank Ruff [R].

What is Carolina Squat? This is from HOTCARS:
Carolina Squat: What It Is And Who Started It - Banned in North Carolina, the modification is commonly seen on pickup trucks and SUVs.

The "Carolina Squat" is a weird trend where truck owners modify the suspension of their vehicle, so the front is pointing towards the sky and the rear end is pointing downward. The trend actually didn't originate in Carolina as the name suggests; it was born out of Baja Racing in California and became popular after hundreds of drivers posted photos of their squatting vehicles on Instagram. Because of this, the Carolina Squat became a trend that caught on all over the country, especially in the southern states, as well as in North and South Carolina.

After an online petition calling for the vehicle modification's banning in North Carolina gained traction, the state officially outlawed the Carolina Squat. In light of this recent development, we revisited this article to provide more relevant information about this polarizing modification in the auto community.

By raising the front of their trucks and simultaneously lowering the back, it will result in a large rake. For added squat effect, they may even try to fit the biggest wheels and tires possible on their vehicle. It goes without saying that this trend offers little in the way of practicality for vehicles and, instead, brings many disadvantages.

There are several high-performance trucks on the market right now, and it's no surprise that none of them come pre-squatted. The Carolina Squat renders trucks virtually useless in terms of performance and for carrying any cargo, and visibility over the hood is extremely reduced. And those aren't the only problems the Carolina Squat brings with it. There are many ways to modify a truck to perfection, but this isn't one of them.

Read on to find out more about the history and effects of the Carolina Squat.

Contrary To The Name, 'Carolina Squat' Originated In California
Contrary to popular belief, the Carolina Squat began in California, which is why it was also referred to as the "California Lean" or "Cali Lean." The trend emerged from Baja racing in California.

Seeing as Baja racing takes place in the desert, the Carolina Squat actually had a practical purpose. Because of its raised front end, the rear was the first part to strike the ground when going faster, thus lessening the chances of crashing.

Outside of desert racing, however, people give their trucks the Carolina Squat purely for style and in an attempt to impress others. After all, unless people are driving off-road at high speeds, there's less of a practical incentive to have the mod.

Instagram Popularized The Truck Trend
We have social media to thank (or blame) for the Carolina Squat's rise to popularity. While there are some debates regarding the specifics, most people agree the trend caught on after lots of people posted photos of their squatting trucks on Instagram.

There are thousands of followers of truck squat-dedicated Instagram pages. The trend is also known as truck squat, truck lean, squatted truck, or the Carolina lean, and it has mainly caught on in North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, and Georgia.

Truck modification culture has also adopted the trend to some degree, with certain aftermarket parts manufacturers acquiescing to the market demands and bringing out truck squat modification kits. The look is most often found on independent front suspension trucks.

The front end of the truck gets lifted using either a ball-joint lift or a torsion bars adjustment, and the truck's rear end can either be running standard or lowered ride height. The whole thing started a few years ago, and despite all the criticism, it has recently developed into quite a trend.

The Carolina Squat can be prominently featured on truck forums or on Facebook truck groups. Some of the best trucks, as well as trucks people may avoid, have been modified to squat. Some trucks work better than others.

Not All Mods Are Harmless: The Squat's Dangers

Unfortunately, the Carolina Squat is very impractical, and also very dangerous. A lot of issues, problems, setbacks, and liabilities arise when squatting a truck. Not only does it change the look, but it also changes the function and handling of the vehicle. Just look to the petition on Change.org for examples.

People who squat their trucks lose all capability to tow a load because the tail end is already on the ground. Even worse, if the front end of the truck is higher than the rear end, the headlights are going to be pointed towards the sky instead of illuminating the road ahead. Third, the truck being angled will compromise the driver's view of what's ahead, which makes it unsafe.

Altogether, a perfectly standard truck safe to drive on the open road has now become a liability to the driver and a danger to others once squatted. Even the best performance trucks on the market seem to be victims of this trend.

How To Fix The Squat
Thankfully, there are ways for drivers to repair their vehicles, so they stay level and no longer squat. For trucks that have been modified to squat, the solution is to just fit the standard components, and voilà, the truck is now un-squatted.

However, sometimes a truck's suspension can be so worn out that it looks squatted, which is neither cool nor safe. One solution is to get new leaf springs. If the truck is frequently being used for heavy-duty tow jobs, then this could cause the springs to wear down faster. There are even ways to make a truck squat less when loaded up with cargo or towing heavy trailers. One alternative is an air suspension system.

One word of caution: while several load-assisting products are available on the market today, and they effectively address squat for a loaded vehicle, they present the same core challenge as the factory suspension. They presume the vehicle will always be loaded while driving, leaving the vehicle’s suspension tuned for that loaded state, causing complications whenever the vehicle is not carrying a heavy load. Air springs offer adjustability with load support, working with the vehicle's existing suspension to level the vehicle to normal ride height, removing any squat hazards, as the Carolina Squat is not considered a normal condition for vehicles.

Manchester Moose 699 2nd Annual Car and Truck Show
Manchester Moose 699 2nd Annual Car and Truck Show ~ see all the photos at Album - opens to a new window

A Few Predictions About the Future

Last week, Washington state passed a law mandating that starting in 2030, internal combustion (IC) engine powered vehicles can only be registered if they are 2029 model year or older. California and other states are working on similar electric car mandates; most beginning in 2035.

Politicians come and go. Humans have rarely/never accurately predicted the specific threat(s) humanity would face or the technology that would be available ten years in the future. (Remember when we had to buy compact florescent light bulbs right until we could not buy compact florescent light bulbs?)

I still feel brave/foolish enough to make a few predictions about the future because the long lead times in the new car business make the 2030 model year much closer than it seems. Most car manufacturers have already stopped developing new IC engines and are retiring or reassigning their IC engine experts.

Prediction One: It is good news for car owners if car manufacturers do not make changes to the current IC engines and transmissions. Many of them are durable, efficient and fun to drive; do not change them and keep building them as long as you can. Remember when Chrysler, Ford and GM each had some engines and automatic transmissions that were used for decades? There was plenty of time to eliminate problems, parts were (and still are) readily available and everybody knew how to maintain/repair them.

Prediction Two: Electric vehicles and IC engine vehicles will continue to serve large separate markets well beyond the 2030s. That is good news for both types of vehicles. More electric vehicles on the road means more gasoline will be available for the IC engine cars.

Electric vehicles will continue to prove themselves in new applications like van fleets. There will be more time to try to figure out important details like how apartment dwellers will be able to charge cars, ensuring reliability when the temperature outside hits 20 below and figuring out how many years the batteries last. Grandpa's 20-year-old Pontiac with only 15,000 miles on the odometer was a treasured classic, or at least reliable transportation. Will dead batteries make Grandpa's 20-year-old electric vehicle with only 15,000 miles on the odometer a total loss? RockAuto.com already has remanufactured batteries for some hybrid vehicles (under "Electrical"). Which future electric vehicles will have replaceable batteries?

Prediction Three: States with electric car mandates will offer incentives but never force owners out of their pre-2030 IC engine powered vehicles. Some states have dabbled with trying to push people out of older cars for decades, but they have never gotten too aggressive because forcing someone out of their 20 year-old-car can look a lot like Marie Antoinette saying "let them eat cake" to peasants who could not afford bread.

Used pre-2030 IC engine powered vehicles will retain their value exceptionally well and be imported into the states with mandates. Pre-2030 vehicles might be carefully maintained and repaired as long as Cuba's fleet of 1950s cars! For people living in states with electric car mandates, that nice "new car smell" could become the cologne or perfume the truck's previous owner always wore.

Tom Taylor,
RockAuto.com

Powhatan Village Cruise In April 2
Powhatan Village Cruise In April 2 ~ see all the photos at Album - opens to a new window

Big-block Mopars, GM Star in Hottest Muscle-car Market Since 2008

From: Hagerty
For more than a decade, it seemed like the muscle car’s best days—at least in narrow, collecting terms—were behind it. Following the cratering of the collector car market alongside the Great Recession, muscle cars more or less recovered, but then remained stuck in neutral even as other segments blasted ahead. Until January 2022 happened, that is. Observing sales at Mecum’s Kissimmee sale and the Scottsdale auctions, along with private offerings and Hagerty data, it is clear that muscle cars are back to where they were at their last peak, in 2008.

So what’s happening in the muscle car world? Here’s the short answer … everything. We observed movement at nearly every level. Let’s dig in and take a look at some of the highlights.

Big-block MOPARs post big gains; Hemis relatively restrained
Talk about collectible muscle cars usually starts with 426 Hemi–powered cars. Rightfully so—they are peak MOPAR performance, and original Hemi cars are pretty scarce. Yet Hemis, although no doubt valuable and desirable, are not the big movers at this moment.

Rather, the biggest winners were MOPAR’s “other” big V-8s, the 383 and the 440. Chargers posted some of the most notable gains, rising 30 to 40 percent on average since late 2021. ‘Cudas and Challengers posted a more modest 20 percent gain on average. The beloved Hemis? They still grew; however with the exception of Chargers, their growth has been a steady upward march, rather than an explosion.

GM cars do best of the Big Three
If we were to call a clear winner in the muscle car market, it has to be General Motors—specifically Chevrolet. Unlike MOPAR muscle, vast increases in value were shared across most levels of performance. Strong showings of ultra-rare 1970 LS6 Chevelle Convertibles pushed values up over 50 percent while Yenko Camaros rose 40 percent in value. Meanwhile, first generation Camaro Super Sports (1967–69) exploded in value by 35 percent and Z/28s by nearly 40 percent.

Of course, General Motors consists of more than Chevy, and it certainly wasn’t the only GM marque seeing action. 1966–67 Pontiac GTOs, a 2022 Bull Market List pick, increased an average of 24 percent, and later non-Ram Air GTOs rose by a similar rate. Oldsmobile 4-4-2s and Buick Grand Sports experienced more modest increases on average, but the less-loved 1972 Olds 4-4-2 has caught up in value to 1971 models. Buick Grand Sports powered by 350s, though they remain affordable, saw substantial gains for the first time.

The biggest gainers from the GM camp were from cars made after the so-called muscle-car era. It’s pretty well accepted that the era came to a close in 1972; however, Pontiac fans are quick to point out the company produced viable muscle cars after that point, and it seems collectors increasingly agree. Smokey and the Bandit Trans Ams were the biggest gainers of any American performance cars, with increases of 40 to 70 percent.

FoMoCo brings up the rear
If we had to call any division the least active in this review, it would be Ford. But that’s more a testament to the heat of the market than it is a commentary on the value of fast Fords. The big players like Boss Mustangs gained upwards of 20 percent while Mach 1s grew by 12 percent. The rest of the Mustang market rose by a few points, which on its own is noteworthy considering how saturated the market is with great examples.

The biggest winner in the FoMoCo camp is the Mercury Cougar. Whether this is a case of rising tides raising all ships or long-overdue recognition is hard to say, but they outperformed everything. We observed ultra rare GT-E to Cobra Jets being offered and sold at noticeably higher rates than in the previous market. Small block–powered cars saw more modest moves, but 390 and 428 cars rose by 30-40 percent.

What’s next?
The natural question—at least, if you’re a pessimist—is how long muscle cars can keep up this pace. It is hard to tell if there is more 110 octane in the tank or if we’re running on fumes. It’s still early in the driving season and Mecum’s huge sale in Indianapolis next month is a good temperature check of the market. Regardless of what happens in May, though, the gains in the past year are not merely speculative. Muscle cars enjoy a vast fanbase comprised of diverse age groups. Although the recent gains may be painful for those of us who see our dream cars climbing out of our budget, growing values also insure that these cars will continue to be cared for and preserved for future generations to enjoy.


Another great Ebay find - this is a Mustang fastback S code - sold for $15,650

What You Need To Know About E15 Fuel

From Hagerty
Ethanol fuels are not new, but recent legislation targeting high-fuel prices has brought the biofuel back to the forefront of the conversation. What is this change and how will you be affected? It’s pretty simple: Tuesday’s announcement is merely an extension of a practice already in place seasonally.

The announcement made by President Biden earlier this week will temporarily allow the sale of E15-blend gasoline through the summer months, a time period in which it is typically banned. This cuts the amount of fossil fuels in each tank by raising the ethanol content of each gallon sold from the typical 10 percent to 15. Ideally, wider availability of a more ethanol-rich fuel will insulate consumers (and their wallets) from high oil prices and supply-chain issues.

Can your car safely sip this new cocktail? A 5 percent increase in ethanol content is not anything over which most drivers should worry, as the vast majority of vehicles produced after 2001 are E15-tolerant. E15’s compatibility with most 21st-century engines traces back to its first implementations in 2012 across a handful of midwestern states. The Environmental Protection Agency has previously been leery of approving E15 fuels for summer use due to the evaporation during warmer temperatures, which can lead to smog; hence why, in 2022, the wider availability of E15 expires this fall.

For classic car owners, E15 fuels are best avoided due to increased likelihood of corrosion from the ethanol content and probable system incompatibilities. For instance, traditional, rubber fuel lines are known to degrade faster with ethanol-blended fuels, which also result in increased deposits if fuel evaporates inside components like fuel pumps and carburetors.

Another issue, which applies to any vehicle running on E15, is the relative energy density of ethanol blends. Ethanol releases less energy when burned compared to gasoline. The 5 percent increase in ethanol content will cause fuel economy to dip, but the change would be about the same as a small change in driving style or variance in weather conditions (such as a light headwind). Studies have proven this decrease to be in the single digits: 3 to 4 percent fewer mpg when running on E10 rather than 100 percent gas, and 4 to 5 percent when using E15.

In short, this is a change that will have minimal impact on most drivers and their budgets. Classic cars and trucks should still avoid ethanol-blended fuels if possible. (There’s little chance of E15 sneaking its way into your tank unannounced: Pumps must be labeled with what type of fuel the consumer is purchasing, and thus you will know whether you are putting E10 or E15 in your tank.) Use a site like Pure-gas.org to find whether there are stations near you with the option of ethanol-free fuels. Lower-ethanol, higher-gasoline fuel may be worth the extra coin for your classic engines, but don’t fret over using E15 in modern vehicles that are used on a regular basis.

Biden To Allow E15 Gasoline To Be Sold This Summer

The EPA had banned the sale of E15 during the summer because it can actually make pollution worse plus give lower mileage. President Biden is going to allow E15 to be sold during the summer in an attempt to lower gasoline prices. The thinking is that ethanol is cheaper than oil. I do find it strange that a person who increased gasoline prices because of climate change now is taking a step to put more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. And yes nothing about this makes sense. The below is from Yahoo! News.

President Joe Biden will allow E15 ethanol-blended gas to be sold throughout the US this summer, the White House said Tuesday, as part of measures to tackle soaring fuel prices in the wake of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

E15 gasoline, which is gasoline blended with 15% ethanol, is banned in most of the US during the summer because of air pollution concerns. But the White House said that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is planning to issue a national emergency waiver which would allow E15 to be sold between June 1 and September 15.

The White House said that E15 is on average $0.10 per gallon cheaper than other gas. Using more E15 would bring down prices and reduce dependency on foreign fuels, it said in a press release.

The US banned imports of oil and natural gas from Russia on March 8, causing global oil and petroleum product prices to rocket.

As of Tuesday, gasoline cost on average $4.098 per gallon in the US, according to the AAA. Prices have retreated from a peak of $4.331 reached on March 11, but still remain considerably higher than this time last year.

"An emergency waiver can help increase fuel supplies, give consumers more choice to get lower prices, and provide savings to many families," the White House said, adding that the EPA would work with states to ensure there are no significant air quality impacts.

But Lenny Rodriguez, an oil analyst at S&P Global, said that the slightly lower energy content of E15 means that "motorists will see lower mileage per gallon than usual and might end up needing to fill up their tanks more frequently."

The White House said that E15 is currently offered at 2,300 gas stations in the country, though S&P Global noted that these are mostly located in the Midwest. E10 gasoline, which has a lower concentration of ethanol, is more widely available, and throughout the year, according to S&P Global.

"We obviously expect an uptick in E15 sales this summer due to greater overall gasoline consumption, greater availability of E15, and E15 selling at a discount to E10 at the pump," Corey Lavinsky, global manager of biofuels analytics at S&P Global Commodity Insights, said.

But he noted that the additional ethanol volumes sold during the summer if the waiver is implemented "should be relatively small, roughly 25 million gallons."

Electric Car Memes 8

US to Resume Oil, Gas Drilling on Federal Lands, With Increased Oil Royalty Rate

From The Epoch Times
The Biden administration on April 15 said it would resume plans to facilitate oil and gas drilling on federal lands, but that it would offer fewer acres of land than initially proposed for lease sales, and charge higher royalties to oil and gas companies.

The Interior Department’s Bureau of Land Management (BLM) will make 144,000 acres of federal land available for leasing by energy companies. The figure is about 80 percent less than the 733,000 acres that had previously been under evaluation.

The decision came as a result of “robust environmental review, engagement with Tribes and communities, and prioritizing the American people’s broad interests in public lands,” the Interior Department stated.

Companies will be charged royalties of 18.75 percent of the value of extracted oil and gas products—a bump up from 12.5 percent—to “ensure fair return for the American taxpayer and on par with rates charged by states and private landowners,” the department said. (that extra charge will be passed onto you)

“For too long, the federal oil and gas leasing programs have prioritized the wants of extractive industries above local communities, the natural environment, the impact on our air and water, the needs of Tribal Nations, and, moreover, other uses of our shared public lands,” Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland said in a statement.

“Today, we begin to reset how and what we consider to be the highest and best use of Americans’ resources for the benefit of all current and future generations.”

The move comes amid ongoing pressure for the Biden administration to address high energy prices across the nation, especially gas prices above $4 a gallon.

It also brings the administration into compliance with an injunction from the Western District of Louisiana.

Biden, just a week after taking office in January 2021, paused new oil and gas leasing on federal lands and waters, via Executive Order 14008. The administration was ordered in June 2021 to resume the sales, with the federal judge in Louisiana siding with several oil- and gas-producing states and saying Interior officials had offered no “rational explanation” for the pause on new leasing.

The BLM is set to issue final environmental assessments and notices for upcoming oil and gas lease sales on April 18. The sales notices will cover leasing decisions in nine states—Alabama, Colorado, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Utah, and Wyoming.

Interior Department officials declined to specify which states would have parcels for sale or to give a breakdown of the amount of land by state, saying that information would be included in the April 18 sales notices. They said the reduced area being offered reflects a focus on leasing in locations near existing oil and gas development, including pipelines.

Time Bandits Club Cruise-In April 9
Time Bandits Club Cruise-In April 9 ~ see all the photos at Album - opens to a new window

The Briefs

An unidentified crane driver in Dublin, Ireland, lost his job after he recorded himself dropping a bag of his own excrement from the crane cab onto a rooftop on March 30, DublinLive reported. While flinging the sick sack overboard, the man joked about "the joys of being a crane driver" and laughed, much to the horror of social media viewers who saw the video. The construction company said the driver had been removed immediately and would "not work on any of our other sites in the future." They also asked social media platforms to remove the video.

Kristin Wiley, 49, was pulled over by Indian River County (Florida) Sheriff's officers after she barely missed hitting their stopped vehicle on March 20, The Smoking Gun reported. When they approached the car, they saw her 9-year-old son in the back seat, crying. The officer noted that Wiley's eyes were "watery and red in color," and he smelled alcohol on her breath, so he asked if she'd been drinking. She replied, "No," but her son piped up from the back seat, "Mom, you can't lie to the police. You did drink." He told the officer that his mom had been drinking at a party and said he was "very scared while Kristin was operating the vehicle," the officer reported. A breath test recorded her alcohol content at nearly three times the legal limit. Along with DUI, she was charged with child abuse.

A Missouri man wearing a “Biden Is An Idiot” t-shirt was arrested Friday for drunk driving, according to police. Randall Westveer, 71, was collared by state troopers and booked into the Boone County jail. Westveer, who lives in a neighboring county, was later released on $500 bond on the misdemeanor DWI count. Westveer pleaded guilty to DWI in 2020 and was fined $500, according to court records. Westveer’s t-shirt, available online for around $20, uses the presidential seal as the “O” in idiot. In related garment news, a 26-year-old man recently arrested for drunk driving was wearing a “Let’s Go Brandon!” shirt when Alabama cops stuffed him into a squad car.

An Ohio man is facing drug charges after police found a large amount of marijuana and THC wax in his car during a traffic stop yesterday afternoon. Antonio Stanley, a 40-year-old Cincinnati resident, was busted on felony trafficking and possession counts after he was pulled over on Interstate I-75, police report. Stanley is being held in the Butler County jail on the narcotics raps. Along with the narcotics, cops seized drug paraphernalia, cash, a phone, and an individually wrapped Freestone dill pickle. According to the Bangor, Michigan-based Freestone Pickle Company, its products are a “great, salty snack alternative” that are low in calories and fat- and cholesterol-free. The confiscated pickle has an estimated street value of about $1.

A Wisconsin man is facing a felony charge after using his truck to T-bone a vehicle carrying two people who had just stolen a snow blower from his family’s garage, police report. According to cops, Corey Sanderson, 29, intentionally plowed into the driver’s side of the getaway car as it turned onto a street a few blocks from his Madison residence. The vehicle’s occupants, a man and a woman, suffered “serious, but non-life threatening injuries” and were transported late Monday night to a local hospital, investigators say. Sanderson told Madison Police Department officers that he “saw two people steal a snow blower from his garage and began following them in his truck.” He reportedly admitted intentionally t-boning the other vehicle, prompting cops to arrest him on a felony reckless endangerment charge. A police spokesperson said there is probable cause to arrest the theft suspects for burglary. “A snow blower was found in the trunk of the car that was involved,” according to a police incident report. In a police interview, Sanderson said his home “was involved in another recent burglary,” an apparent reference to an incident he detailed in a February 5 Facebook post. Sanderson told friends that “some ass clown” broke into his family’s garage and stole his father’s Briggs & Stratton snow blower. Sanderson added that he was monitoring online marketplaces and asked, “if you see anything being sold to let me know or just share with others.”

A drug suspect tried to convince cops that a plastic bag found in his backpack contained breath mints, not meth, according to an arrest report. Stephen Whalen, 32, was driving a PT Cruiser Thursday afternoon when a patrolman in Tarpon Springs, Florida spotted him behind the wheel. The officer knew Whalen from a “prior police related incident” and was aware his driver’s license had been revoked. Whalen was taken into custody and the Chrysler was searched. Inside Whalen’s backpack police say they found assorted drug paraphernalia and a baggie containing 2.6 grams of meth. When questioned about the seized narcotics, Whalen reportedly said that, “the meth was not meth and it was breath mints,” a cop reported. Whalen “would not elaborate on anything else” regarding his curiously strong mints. Charged with possession of methamphetamine, fentanyl, and drug paraphernalia, and driving without a license, Whalen was booked into the county jail on $4400 bond.

Hyundai’s Ioniq 5 has beaten its Korean cousin the Kia EV6 and the Ford Mustang Mach E to become the 2022 World Car of the Year. Announced at the New York Auto Show, the funky, retro-modern EV won the majority of votes from 102 auto journalists in 33 countries. The Ioniq 5 also won the World Electric Car and World Car Design awards and marks a major turning point for Hyundai, deploying the company’s Electric-Global Modular Platform (E-GMP) which is set to be the basis of another 17 battery-electric EVs from Hyundai and from Genesis by 2030. Other winners included Audi’s e-tron GT which took the World Performance Car gong, the Mercedes-Benz EQS which was voted World Luxury Car. Toyota’s Yaris Cross was named World Urban Car. This is Hyundai’s first win at the World Car of the Year awards.

In the rush for criminal justice leniency, the General Assembly in 2020 made it illegal for police to ticket owners for overly loud vehicles. They did not, however, bother to ask their constituents about that proposal, including Rev. Robin Mines, president of the Swansboro West Civic Association and Associate Minister at Richmond’s Hood Temple AME Zion Church (here). Tired of intentionally loud exhaust systems and people “driving like they’re on a drag strip,” she spent the last year working to successfully reverse the law, arguing that “We can’t keep bending the rules and letting our (black) neighborhoods go down because we’re feeling sorry for someone who can’t follow the rules like the rest of us.” The Legislative Black Caucus, beholden to their social justice warrior constituents, ignored their real constituents and opposed it, but the bill overwhelmingly passed. It is now on Governor Youngkin’s desk and we trust he’ll sign.

Quantum physics could make recharging electric cars even faster than fueling their gas equivalents, say researchers in South Korea. The technology, studied by the Institute for Basic Science, would charge every battery cell inside a car at the same time, whereas current systems require careful management to ensure they charge effectively. Even on today’s most rapid chargers the rate of charge decreases as the battery pack becomes “full” to protect the cells, which is why many manufacturers and charging networks highlight the speed at which they can charge for 10 to 80 percent, rather than 0 to 100. The boffins at the IBS say that an a EV battery with 200 cells would charge 200 times faster with a quantum system. That could reduce home charging from ten hours to just three minutes, while rapid charging on the go could come down from around 30 minutes to mere seconds. With a promise to end range anxiety and revolutionize the EV world, this new tech would remove a major barrier to entry for potential buyers. But don’t hold your breath; it’s a long way from being ready. Advances in batteries are happening everywhere from Toyota’s use of solid-state cells in its plug-in hybrids to Israeli firm StoreDot, which promises to add 100 miles in just five minutes of charging. EV development is certainly accelerating fast and many buyers are wisely waiting to see what’s next.

New vehicles sold in the United States will have to travel an average of at least 40 miles per gallon of gasoline in 2026, up from about 28 mpg, under new federal rules unveiled by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. According to the Associated Press, the new requirements increase gas mileage by 8 percent per year for model years 2024 and ’25 and 10 percent for the 2026 model year. With fuel prices at an all-time high, agency officials say the requirements will reduce gasoline consumption by more than 220 billion gallons over the life of vehicles, compared to the previous standards. While NHTSA focuses on reducing gasoline consumption, some environmental groups still say the new requirements don’t go far enough to fight global warming. For context, and based on 2019 EPA numbers, the transportation sector accounts for 29 percent of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Most of that figure is contributed by light-duty vehicles, which account for 58 percent of the transportation sector’s GHG emissions, with medium- and heavy-duty trucks falling second, at 24 percent. Automakers, on the other hand, argue that more stringent mpg requirements will drive up vehicle prices and push people out of an already expensive new-car market. Time will tell.

The Atlantic seabed now looks like an exotic car show after the transporter ship Felicity Ace sunk off the coast of Portugal in March. As you may recall, the ship caught fire, and although thankfully none of the crew was hurt, the ship and its cargo were lost. The full manifest for the vessel reveals scores of supercars, sedans, and SUVs, along with some second-hand oddities, a lot of tractors, and a few irreplaceable classics. Audi was the hardest-hit manufacturer, with 846 of its cars now rusting away under the ocean. Porsche lost 580 vehicles, VW 523, Bentley 190, and Lamborghini 85—including the 15 final-edition Aventadors, 20 Hurácans and 50 Urus SUVs. Among the more unexpected vehicular cargo were a 2015 Ford Mustang finding its way home, a 2007 BMW 750i, a 1977 Land Rover Santana, and, sadly, a rare 1996 Honda Prelude SiR. The biggest loser in this awful accident is the environment, but we do feel sorry for those individuals who have watched their classic- and new-car dreams sink with the, erm, infelicitous, vessel. The carmakers will get their insurance payouts, and new car customers will get replacement vehicles—even Ultimae Series buyers, for whom Lamborghini restarted production—but several enthusiasts are left without cherished cars.

Ford was an early adopter of carbon-fiber wheel technology for its GT350R, GT500, and GT models. Now the Blue Oval is considering introducing carbon-fiber wheels into its truck and SUV lines according, to Ali Jammoul, the program director for Ford Performance, who spoke with Australia’s CarExpert recently. While details are scarce, the basics of Jammoul’s though process are as follows: “It’s weight savings. It looks great. And customers love it. They’re willing to pay.” The benefits of carbon fiber wheels are reductions in unsprung mass and in overall weight. This could align nicely with the performance-slanted SUVs like the Explorer ST and Mach E, but it is less likely that the F-150, Bronco, and Ranger Raptor models would gain woven rims. Carbon fiber is incredibly stiff, but the brittle material is vulnerable to sudden impacts, which are the norm off-road.

The Tennessee Senate passed a bill on Wednesday that would require intoxicated drivers convicted of vehicular homicide to pay child support if the victim of the offense was the parent of a minor child. According to CBS 46, the legislation passed unanimously. It had been amended to include the names of the children of Nicholas Galinger, a Chattanooga police officer who was killed by a drunk driver while on duty in February 2019. HB 1834, also known as “Ethan’s, Hailey’s, and Bentley’s Law,” had already passed in the state’s House but has not been signed into law. A summary of the legislation states that “if a defendant is convicted of vehicular homicide due to intoxication or aggravated vehicular homicide and the victim of the offense was the parent of a minor child,” then the sentencing court must make the defendant pay “restitution in the form of child maintenance to each of the victim’s children.” These payments would continue until each of the children turns 18 years old and graduates from high school, “or the class of which the child is a member when the child reached 18 years of age has graduated.” A bill like this one failed to pass in the Virginia General Assembly.

"You definitely don’t see this every day, but it is 4/20," the Missouri State Highway Patrol tweeted after a crash Wednesday that led to a marijuana bust. Missouri State Highway Patrol troopers responded to a three-vehicle crash on Interstate 70 Wednesday in Callaway County. Among the bits of plastic and bent metal scattered across the highway, troopers found something else: packaged marijuana. Not just a little bit, but a lot. After gathering up all the bags, the highway patrol said the pot weighed in at 500 pounds. All of that marijuana was trying to make its way across Missouri on 4/20, but the trip came to a sudden end after a series of crashes on I-70. The highway patrol believes a semitrailer driver tried to avoid a previous crash when a pickup truck driver lost control and hit the back of the semitrailer. Another semitrailer went off the road and then hit the pickup truck. The highway patrol believes all of the marijuana was in the pickup truck, which was occupied by two men and a woman from Mexico. The men were arrested and charged with drug trafficking. All three suffered moderate injuries. No one was seriously injured in the crash.

SEMA, the Speciality Equipment Market Association, reports that the automotive aftermarket is flying high even in the face of rising inflation and fuel prices, as 75 percent of manufacturers, 68 percent of distributors and 53 percent of retailers/installers report that sales are above their 2019 levels. (The average increase is 18, 7, and 6 percent, respectively, for each business vertical.) As expected, the lion’s share of sales come from trucks (20 percent for manufacturers, 22 percent for retailers) and classic vehicles (18 percent manufacturer, 26 percent retail). The overall growth trend is expected to continue in the coming months, which is great news for customers and insiders alike.

Ford is recalling several hundred thousand body-on-frame pickups and SUVs for a potentially faulty wiper arm that could result in reduced visibility in adverse weather and increased risk of an accident. According to the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) report, the affected vehicles were equipped with a wiper arm whose head spline teeth were produced out of design spec for the higher-torque wiper motors. Among the cars affected are 66,373 Ford F-150s from the 2021 model year, 89,903 F-150s from 2020, 95,915 Expeditions from 2020 through ’21, 381,797 Super Duty pickups from 2020 through 2022, and 19,008 Lincoln Navigators from 2020 to ’21. Affected owners will be notified by mail and should prepare to take their vehicles to a Ford or Lincoln dealer to have both front windshield wiper arms replaced, free of charge.

As early as 2017, we’ve suspected that electrification is coming to America’s favorite sports car. This morning, GM president Mark Reuss shared on LinkedIn that the first hybrid Corvette is due as soon as next year. Given the eerily quiet test mules—such as the one flaunted in the video below—skulking about the Nürburgring in October of 2021, and the reassignment of Corvette engineers to the Autonomous and Electric Vehicles team back in 2020, a hybrid Corvette comes as little surprise. Though Reuss also officially promised an Ultium-based all-electric Corvette “in the future,” his announcement of “other phenomenal gas-powered variants” in the works indicates that Chevrolet is remaining sensitive to the Corvette’s combustion-powered legacy even as it (like nearly every other automaker around) leverages a decades-old nameplate for its electric offensive. As we speculated, the all-electric Corvette will likely debut as the C9. That said, Chevrolet’s decision to fund and develop not one but two new engines (LT2 and LT6) for the eighth-gen Corvette says much about its sensitivity to Vette history and to the company’s awareness of its combustion-centric engineering prowess. Reuss’ most immediately important announcement, which diehard fans will find consoling, is official confirmation that hybrid models will be sold alongside combustion-powered cars in the C8 Corvette family. Our best guess, as we reported back in October of 2020, remains that this first hybrid model will be named “E-Ray” and use a front differential incorporating an electric motor to supplement the mid-mounted LT2’s output. Such an all-wheel-drive model would replace the Grand Sport in the Vette hierarchy, slotting above the base model but below the track-oriented Z06. It would likely be followed by a “Zora” model—essentially a hybridized Z06. Expect Chevrolet to send combustion out with a seriously proper fanfare, however. What might these “other phenomenal gas-powered variants” be? ZR1, is that you?

Ford posted first-quarter results Wednesday that were in line with Wall Street’s expectations, though its net profit was dragged down by a stake in electric vehicle maker Rivian. Rivian stock shed about 52% of its market cap during the first quarter, bringing the value of Ford’s stake down from $10.6 billion to $5.1 billion. Despite increased costs and supply chain problems, Ford reaffirmed its pretax adjusted earnings forecast of between $11.5 billion and $12.5 billion for the year.

Moodys Texaco Spring Cruise-in April 16
Moodys Texaco Spring Cruise-in April 16 ~ see all the photos at Album - opens to a new window

Repair Mistakes & Blunders

From Rock Auto
About six years ago, I was changing the spark plugs on my wife's 2008 Mercury Milan with the 3.0L V6. We were giving the car to our youngest daughter, and I wanted to make sure that the car did not give her any problems. I was working in my unheated garage, and it was about 5 degrees in the garage that day. After taking the top of the intake manifold off, I put half a paper towel into each intake runner to protect myself from what might fall into the engine.

I had the new plugs installed in about an hour and a half and feeling pretty good, went inside to get warm and have something to eat before putting everything back together. When I came back out, it only took 15 minutes to finish up and then put the tools away.

I then jumped into the car to move it back outside, but it would not start! I spent the next two hours testing every system, trying to figure out what I could have done to put myself in this position. I finally pulled all the plugs as a last resort and did a compression test. I was cold and just could not figure out what I had done to the engine. After hooking up the compression gauge to the engine and giving it a three second run on the starter, I jumped out of the car and read the gauge. It was not great but not bad for a car with 85,000 miles.

When I pulled the hose for the compression gauge out, I saw a piece of something white on the end of the hose. I stood there for a few seconds trying to figure what this was, and it hit me like a brick! I never took the paper towels out of the intake runners before putting the top half of the intake manifold back on. Another half an hour pulling pieces of paper towels out through the intake valves and spark plug holes and the engine never sounded so good when I turned that key.

Ken in New York

Time Bandits Car Club Car Show 2022 on April 23
Time Bandits Car Club Car Show 2022 on April 23 ~ see all the photos at Album - opens to a new window

Are Some Colors Worth More Than Others?

From Hagerty
Short answer is "yes" ~ Fred

Are certain car colors worth more than others? The most accurate answer is about as clear as mud (or clear as umber if you’re a helpless color geek). An unusual color can also be a double-edged sword—perhaps it deserves to be unusual. It all depends on the hue, the car, the era, and the audience.

For the most part, special paint colors fall within one of three categories. There are “iconic” colors, paint mixes instantly recognizable from a specific period or model of car. Picture the idealized representation of a 1955 through 1957 Ford Thunderbird. Chances are, it’s wearing something like Thunderbird Blue (turquoise), Dusk Rose (a shade of what you just might call pink), or Coral Sand—even though more of the cars were actually painted black or white.

Fast forward a generation, and think about the colors most often found on muscle cars from all domestic manufacturers. AMC boasted the “Big Bad” colors, hot Mopars shouted with a rainbow of “High Impact” hues, and both GM and Ford cranked out a cadre of cars wearing some seriously fetching shades, even if the sheetmetal under the fresh lacquer was writing checks its engine couldn’t cash—like Grabber Blue on a three-speed, six-cylinder Ford Maverick.

Of course, these factory standards are a far cry from today’s ongoing “Paint to Sample” craze, where any moneyed owner can snip a lock of their award-winning Havapoo puppy’s hair and have it immortalized by the in-house paint specialists in Stuttgart, Woking, or Crewe.

A color considered popular when new does not necessarily translate to sustained value in the market, as there is often a span of time when a used, enthusiast-focused car is simply viewed as another used car, having not yet made the cultural leap into collectible car status. In fact, odd colors can often keep a car from selling; a few years following the end of production, those soon-to-be iconic colors can look so last year in the eyes of a prospective buyer. Think of unique car colors in the same way you might think of cyclical fashion: in one season, out the next, and then reintroduced as retro-chic a few years on.

It also depends on the character of the car in question. While the characteristically pastel colors of the ’50s are fun, some would prefer their mid-century Cadillac (or Lincoln, Imperial, or DeSoto) in a white or dark blue hue. Big, meaty muscle cars? I’ll take mine in the most look-at-me color possible, as I suspect will the majority of collectors.

Paint-to-sample presents its own challenges. While it’s cool to have a car in the same color as your favorite pair of Levi’s, that might not be the next person’s choice. Still, special-ordering some modern sports cars in historically significant colors from other eras might pay off, especially in the wild Porsche market. At the very least, you’re usually able to at least recoup the original cost of the PTS order when you go to sell that one-off Cayman.

In some cars, color is a bigger issue than others. While few hate a Mercedes-Benz in classic silver, there are those who will only have lipstick red. We call these people “original owners.” If there is a question surrounding an unusual color, an appraiser can do a market survey and ask dealers, marque-specific club members, and even other owners if they might pay more or less for said paint, and report those findings.

Of course, it’s usually a solid practice to ask your appraiser whether he or she is colorblind. Plus, it never hurts to recount your reasoning behind that PTS order, including why you immortalized Cuddles the Havapoo on the exterior of your Porsche. Sometimes, the story is better than the color.

Richlands Creamery Cruise-In April 24
Richlands Creamery Cruise-In April 24 ~ see all the photos at Album - opens to a new window

Supply Chain Woes Offer Reality Check For EV production

The problem is we need rare earth elements that are expensive to mine and are not located in difficult places. All of the climate change "cures" are material intensive and will cost a lot of money. Below is from the Hagerty news feed:

While industrialized nations are moving at a furious pace towards vehicle electrification, we are hearing even more warning signs than before from top automotive executives. A new report from Reuters quotes BMW CEO Oliver Zipse saying the push toward EVs will “increase dependency on very few countries” since, for example, a large amount of raw materials used for batteries come from China. Supply-chain issues lie elsewhere, too. R.J. Scaringe, CEO of Rivian expresses anguish with the hurdles experienced to acquire semiconductors for his startup operation in a competitive market for parts and materials. Speaking to the Wall Street Journal, Scaringe noted that “90 to 95 percent of the supply chain does not exist.” And if the reality of what’s on the ground can’t meet the expectations of governments around the world, BMW CEO Zipse notes that “if you are not selling combustion engines anymore, someone else will.”

Sometimes good intentions are just that. As the pandemic affects the global labor market, as the supply chain faces countless external and internal threats, and as rare-earth availability remains subject to high international tensions, the truth of EV production may not be able to match many governments’ electrification intentions. Perhaps the timeline is too aggressive, but the reality of EVs isn’t dead yet: The Biden Administration’s loan guarantee for a graphite supplier for Tesla and the Stellantis/LG battery plant in Canada front-loads expenses for a long-term vision that is likely to become a reality. Just perhaps not as quickly as some wished.

40 Chevy
1940 Chevy street rod

Ford F-150 Lightning Electric Pickup Begins Crucial Product Launch

From: CNN Business
The first all-electric Ford F-150 Lightning rolled off the assembly line in Detroit on Tuesday, with a great deal riding on its launch for both the company and electric vehicles overall.

Interest and demand in the vehicles have been very strong, with Ford taking 200,000 preorders for the electric version of the pickup that has been the nation’s best-selling vehicle for nearly a half century.

But despite the interest from buyers, it’s not a given that Ford will be able to pull off the launch without problems.

The automaker has had repeated issues in recent years with the launch of new versions of its most popular vehicles, most notably the 2019 launch of the Ford Explorer SUV. Quality problems with that launch cost the company billions and played a big role in the departure of two executives.

“There’s a lot riding on it,” said Michelle Krebs, executive analyst for Cox Automotive. “Ford has had its troubles with launches and now added to that there are all of these supply chain issues.”

Virtually all automakers have had to scale back production of new vehicles due to a shortage of computer chips and other parts and materials, often temporarily shutting factories. Those production bottlenecks have led to limited supply of vehicles, which in turn has resulted in record high car prices for consumers.

Bill Ford, the great-grandson of the company’s founder and the executive chairman of the automaker, compared the importance of the F-150 Lightning to the most important vehicle in the company’s history.

“The Model T over 100 years ago brought cars to everybody. Well, this vehicle will bring electric vehicles, particularly electric trucks, to everybody,” he told CNN’s Richard Quest Tuesday.

Krebs said she think that’s overstating the importance of the Lightning, but she agreed it is a breakthrough vehicle for the shift to electric vehicles on which Ford and other automakers are betting tens of billions of dollars.

The Lightning is not the first electric pickup to hit the market. Upstart Rivian, which makes nothing but electric vehicles, started production of its R1T pickup last fall, but has built only about 3,500 in its first six months of production. And General Motors has started production of the GMC Hummer EV pickup, but has sold only 99 of them in the first quarter of production.

The F-150 Lightning has beat both the Tesla Cybertruck and the Chevrolet Silverado EV, two of its main competitors, to market by a year or more.

And if Ford (F) and major automakers in the US market are going to succeed in transitioning from gasoline-powered vehicles to electric, as they say they intend to, they’re going to have to get American truck buyers comfortable with the idea of electric pickups, Krebs said.

“It’s really going to test the waters. Is there a market for electric pickups? How big it is?” Krebs said.

71 RR
I bought a 71 Road Runner in 1975 - it was blue with white stripe - this one has buckets and console

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